Introduction and Historical Background The State of Alaska is characterized by long distances between economic centers, sparsely populated rural communities, limited rescue personnel and equipment, and restricted means for transport and hospital resources. Most importantly, the access to the necessary resources in time of a crisis is not equally available to all the population of… Read more »
In the early 1950s, planners in Rochester, New York made a decision that would impact transportation and development in the city for the next half-century. At the time, both the city’s population and the popularity of the automobile were increasing exponentially, meaning that traffic congestion through downtown was becoming particularly unmanageable. To relieve some of… Read more »
Introduction: This article analyzes the funding and achievement gaps of New York State’s K-12 public schools, with a focus on differences among schools in rural, suburban and urban areas. New York’s public education system has one of the highest rates of per-pupil spending in the country, even after accounting for regional cost differences. In fact,… Read more »
More than 5 years ago, Occupy Wall Street (OWS) sparked a public dialogue about the current economic situation in the United States, through protests in Zuccotti Park, New York City. OWS not only curated the discussion about the control money has over the government, but also the growth of social inequality throughout the nation. “We… Read more »
Commandment number 2 in promising to combat corruption in a small, developing country is to have a long-term, strategic plan. But perhaps that was not important because the newly elected Mayor of Prishtina, Shpend Ahmeti, might have not thought of commandment number 1, which is that there is a possibility that someone will kill you… Read more »
Today we are witness to an age inundated with competing information and amplified by social media, as we stand at the intersection of novel ideas and antiquated beliefs. In this complex world, made even more incomprehensible by widespread phenomena such as “fake news”, alternative facts, and superficial analysis, it may not be an exaggeration… Read more »
Since September 2016, I have been working with unaccompanied minors in refugee camps in Northern France and on the streets of Paris and Calais, and have witnessed how policy decisions made by the British government have affected their lives. UK policies have removed unaccompanied minors from dangerous camps and street situations in Europe and… Read more »
Public Attitudes In the 1960s, Republicans were even more likely than Democrats to think the electoral college system of electing an American president should be replaced with a popular vote. Large majorities of both Democrats and Republicans continued to feel that way until the 2000 presidential election, when Democrat Al Gore won the national popular… Read more »
South Korea held its 19th presidential election yesterday. The ongoing vote count shows the leading candidate is Mr. Moon Jae-in of the liberal Democratic Party of Korea. A former human rights lawyer and the runner-up in the 2012 presidential election, Moon promises, among other things, a crackdown on corruption and reform of family-run conglomerates…. Read more »
Historically, humans have left their homes to build a different, hopefully better, existence somewhere else. People break away from their countries of origin for several reasons, including lack of economic opportunities, social inequality, poverty, political repression, persecution, warfare, and natural disasters. In 2016, more than 247 million people, or 3.4 percent of the world population,… Read more »
What is the Best Coping Strategy for Vulnerable Smallholder Farmers in Climate Change?
The stress on water availability that has been induced by climate causes smallholders’ crop productivity to decline. Fang Zhang conducted a research in Nsanje district of Malawi as part of an effort to evaluate a program intervention and to understand vulnerable populations’ experiences in adapting to climate change.
Coaching Management: An Alternative to Performance Evaluation
How many people can say that when they get told off for not reaching their target or for poor behavior they themselves thought of the solution? Well, the answer is many more than before. Coaching has become the new buzzword within management. Instead of conducting oft-dreaded annual performance reviews, many managers are switching to a… Read more »
Student Led Shutdowns: “Fees Must Fall” and the Fight for Affordable, Accessible Education in South Africa
It has been twenty years since the end of Apartheid in South Africa, but student protests erupting across the nation’s universities suggest that two decades of African National Congress rule have not been enough to meet the demands for socioeconomic equality of many citizens. Images of students under the moniker “Fees Must Fall” battling police… Read more »
Interview with Senator Jorge Robledo of Colombia
The Cornell Policy Review interviewed Senator Jorge Robledo, from Colombia, during his visit to the Cornell campus in Ithaca. He talked about the recent rejection of the peace process agreement in Colombia and other relevant issues.
Centralizing the Police Force: What It Means For Mexico’s Narco Violence
It is a well-known fact to Mexican citizens, journalists and academics that, beginning 2007 when former President Felipe Calderon declared war on the drug cartels, Mexico became an extremely violent country: going from an average of 9,000 people killed a year to over 27,000. While the country’s murder rate still lags behind that of some… Read more »
Wa[te]r and Peace
The summer of 2014 took me back to my ancestral village in central Punjab, Pakistan where my team of student volunteers and I installed a solar powered water pump in response to a severe water shortage, which had been exacerbated due to nationwide electricity shortfalls. The pump provides clean drinking water daily to roughly 1000 of the town’s 1,500 residents, and it has had a dramatic impact on the village’s economic and societal well-being.
The Impacts of Ending China’s One-Child Policy
On October 29, 2015, China scrapped its one-child policy, allowing all couples to have two children for the first time since strict family planning rules were introduced more than three decades ago. Despite the optimistic responses of some demographers and citizens on Chinese state media, the shift to the new two-child policy may disappoint those… Read more »
The Case for Girls in Coding
Not too far away from the Ministry of Education in the overcrowded city of Prishtina, Kosovo, a group of eight young girls are working on developing Raporto, a platform for discreet and confidential reporting of gender discrimination in IT. Their weekends are spent in Hackershtelle, an IT community meet-up point organized and maintained by enthusiastic… Read more »
Introducing the New Senior Editors of the Cornell Policy Review
The Cornell Policy Review is pleased to announce the 2016-2017 selections for Editor in Chief, Senior Managing Editor, and Senior Content Editor. Please join us in congratulating Peter C. Fiduccia, Ana Cañedo, and Harrison Speck on their new roles, which will officially begin in May of this year. As 2015-2016 Associate Editors, their committment to the quality of the publication has… Read more »
The Opacity of National Security Letters
Transparency reports of electronic data requests are common for major communications and technology companies, but universities, which often act as small internet service providers, have yet to embrace transparency. Security activists are calling on universities to develop their own transparency reports, but it is important to understand what information these reports are not reporting.
Trade Negotiation: An Interview with Dr. Carolina Palma
Cornell Policy Review Associate Editor Ana Canedo sits down with Carolina Palma, PhD, discussing a wide array of topics ranging from her professional career as a trade negotiator for Costa Rica to her research interests as a professor for the Public Administration faculty of the University of Costa Rica.
Sustainably Developing the Vietnamese Coffee Industry
What will help develop the Vietnamese coffee market globally? Relevant development strategies must be explored, especially those that have been proven to be key contributors in other markets, including the Colombian coffee sector’s sustainable income-generation and its socioeconomic stability among small-scale coffee farmers.