NASA has been studying debris hazards to (and caused by) spacecraft for over a decade, and there is a host of international organizations involved with the dense thicket of regulations governing environmental issues in outer space. Of particular concern is debris, more colloquially known as “space junk.”
Since the Green Revolution in the 1960s to 1980s, which introduced high-yielding varieties of crops, improved fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides to agriculture in developing countries, South Asia’s appetite for inorganic fertilizer has not stopped. In 2012-3, fertilizer consumption in this area accounts for 18 percent of the world’s total usage. India alone consumed 28.1 million tons of fertilizer in 2010, making it number two in the world, after China. However, farmers in South Asia do not use the appropriate ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphate (P), and potash (K) fertilizer that would increase their yields.
In the private sector, profit maximization has historically been the most important figure to measure success, yet in recent years there has been a nascent but powerful movement that also measures environmental and social implications. This approach to business has been popularized as “corporate social responsibility” (CSR) and is becoming more structured and legitimized with third party certifiers. Meanwhile the nonprofit, or plural sector, lacks a similar framework that allows donors to better understand business ethics.
The 2000 Millennium Development Goals established by the United Nations provided a universally agreed upon set of objectives for all its member nations to follow. The first Goal that was identified was the elimination of poverty. Eradication of poverty subsequently became the focus of many initiatives by many organizations and governments around the world. To address some of the problems related to poverty, Mohamed Yunus started a financing scheme that would later develop into microfinance.
Almost 650 days have passed since Hillary Clinton announced her candidacy for the Presidency. Nearly 550 since President-elect Donald Trump did the same. More than a year and a half since this competition started, I cannot believe it is finally over and Donald Trump has been inaugurated as President. Certainly, the results were shocking for most of us: for the campaigns, for the pollsters, and for the pundits, among others.
This paper analyzes the viability of having green courts with dedicated environmental jurisdiction, separate from the general judicial system. In doing so, an effort has been made to take the National Green Tribunal (NGT) of India as a reference point for discussing the advantages and disadvantages of green courts. While acknowledging that both pros and… Read more »
Brazil’s national school meals program is buttressing the local food movement by mandating a system of structured demand so that a portion of the food come from family farms. Supporting the resilience of rural lifestyles and feeding 40 million students a day, this program is food for thought, and it demonstrates an important paradigm shift in how we envision food assistance programs by focusing on nutritional, rather than caloric, intake.
Arguably, the evolution of civilization has been marked by the emergence and advancement of systems of economic support designed for its members. Whether by preserving food in anticipation of harsher weather or constructing strong networks of kith and kin to rely on in times of need, the intent of safeguarding against uncertainty has been instinctive… Read more »
All the promising outcomes predicted for the TPP agreement, and the Obama Administration’s support of it, were not similarly reflected in the upcoming administration. The US President-elect, Mr. Donald Trump, asked about the fairness and the purpose of this trade agreement compared to other existing trade deals. He further referred to the partnership as a potential disaster for the USA. His election win signals the death of the TPP.
edited by Sofia Magdalena Olofsson Significance of the Infrastructure System of Los Angeles An adequate infrastructure system is necessary in order to bring vibrancy and prosperity to communities. Los Angeles, the city that has the second largest population in the United States has been struggling with notoriously congested freeways. Residents in Los Angeles have been… Read more »
Clintonian Policy in a Changing World: An assessment of the impact of former President Bill Clinton’s foreign policy reveals a mixed legacy. While many Clinton loyalists praise him for being a true globalization president who embraced the challenge of steering the post-Cold War America into a model of economic prosperity and democratic influence, countless critics… Read more »
Recreational Marijuana: How Oregon Constructed A Market
On October 1st, 2015, the Oregon Recreational Market went live on a restricted basis, permitting only select medical marijuana facilities to operate until 2016. However, it was not until mid-October that official draft rules were signed into law. These draft rules implemented several proposed rules, and changed others. Oregon’s recreational Marijuana market illustrates the difficulties… Read more »
Special Edition: Systems Thinking
Systems are ubiquitous. From our devices and networks to our social constructs, we are surrounded by complexity and its accompanying difficulties. For students of policy, these intricacies are familiar, and often accompany what Cornell professors Derek and Laura Cabrera have termed “wicked problems.” The articles in this edition are written by thirteen Fellows of the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs (CIPA)…. Read more »
Get It Right: ‘Latin American Policy’ is a Misnomer
In an increasingly global society, a nation’s need for responsive foreign policy is critical to future success and stability. Amidst the United States’ increasing focus on Asia and the Middle East, the nation’s Latin American foreign policy has not received the focus it enjoyed in the past several decades. Historically, the relationship between the… Read more »
Water Infrastructure Improvements: Avoiding the Costs of Delaying Action in the City of Ithaca
Across the United States, the delivery of water services is an important public responsibility for municipalities. From treatment of the water at the source to its delivery to the end user, the proper functioning of these systems is important. Municipal policymakers are ensuring that this natural resource is being handled with a duty of care… Read more »
Interview: Ilya Espino de Marotta, Executive Vice President, Panama Canal Authority
The Cornell Institute for Public Affairs, Cornell Latin America Student Society, and Cornell Policy Review are pleased to present an interview with Engineer Ilya Espino de Marotta, Executive Vice President of Engineering and Program Management at the Panama Canal Authority. Mrs. de Marotta oversees the Panama Canal Authority Engineering and Programs Administration Department, responsible for… Read more »
The Opportunity Costs of Mexico’s Political Grand Bargain
The Pacto por Mexico: a political grand bargain Political grand bargains are growing rarer in the world. Whether this is attributed to radicalization, polarization, or the “end of power” (due to an increasing number of mobile and independent stakeholders)[i], the fact is that incumbents whose parties do not control a majority in Congress are increasingly… Read more »
Housing Policy in Silicon Valley
The tech boom has brought incredible wealth to Silicon Valley, but the region also struggles with extreme poverty. The Department of Housing and Urban Development reported that Santa Clara County ranks seventh in the nation for the size of its homeless population, with a count of 7,567 in 2014. The area ranks behind only Los… Read more »
Does The Past Drive Marginalized Communities Towards Radicalization?
Last month, the Indian Air Force announced that the MI-17 helicopters it has deployed in Bastar, a district in the southern part of the state of Chhattisgarh, will engage in retaliatory fire against members of the insurgent Naxalite movement so that troops can defend themselves while carrying out rescue operations. Such action can be seen… Read more »
Constant Crisis: Federal Cybersecurity’s Administrative Failures Highlight Key Policy Challenges
CONSTANT CRISIS Although the White House, and in particular the American military establishment under Cyber Command (CYBERCOM), has attempted to unify a policy framework for a comprehensive cybersecurity plan, persistent administrative failures at the agency and inter-agency level have led to severely compromised computer networks. Since 2005, over 709 breaches have occurred within the public… Read more »
Financial Inclusion 2020: Can the rest of Africa catch up with Kenya?
Pursuant to its mission of ending poverty, the World Bank Group, in partnership with thirteen other institutions, has set out to achieve universal financial access by the year 2020. This goal has been termed Financial Inclusion 2020 – a goal to provide two billion people in 25 focus countries access to basic financial services by the… Read more »
The Syrian Refugee Crisis and the (In)humanity of the International Community
“You do not choose to be a refugee; you are forced to be one. You do not leave your home and everything you have because you are seeking a better economic or social opportunity. You leave everything to escape violence, abuse, starvation, and even death”- Fjolla Kondirolli on what it means to be a refugee.