NASA has been studying debris hazards to (and caused by) spacecraft for over a decade, and there is a host of international organizations involved with the dense thicket of regulations governing environmental issues in outer space. Of particular concern is debris, more colloquially known as “space junk.”
Since the Green Revolution in the 1960s to 1980s, which introduced high-yielding varieties of crops, improved fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides to agriculture in developing countries, South Asia’s appetite for inorganic fertilizer has not stopped. In 2012-3, fertilizer consumption in this area accounts for 18 percent of the world’s total usage. India alone consumed 28.1 million tons of fertilizer in 2010, making it number two in the world, after China. However, farmers in South Asia do not use the appropriate ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphate (P), and potash (K) fertilizer that would increase their yields.
In the private sector, profit maximization has historically been the most important figure to measure success, yet in recent years there has been a nascent but powerful movement that also measures environmental and social implications. This approach to business has been popularized as “corporate social responsibility” (CSR) and is becoming more structured and legitimized with third party certifiers. Meanwhile the nonprofit, or plural sector, lacks a similar framework that allows donors to better understand business ethics.
The 2000 Millennium Development Goals established by the United Nations provided a universally agreed upon set of objectives for all its member nations to follow. The first Goal that was identified was the elimination of poverty. Eradication of poverty subsequently became the focus of many initiatives by many organizations and governments around the world. To address some of the problems related to poverty, Mohamed Yunus started a financing scheme that would later develop into microfinance.
Almost 650 days have passed since Hillary Clinton announced her candidacy for the Presidency. Nearly 550 since President-elect Donald Trump did the same. More than a year and a half since this competition started, I cannot believe it is finally over and Donald Trump has been inaugurated as President. Certainly, the results were shocking for most of us: for the campaigns, for the pollsters, and for the pundits, among others.
This paper analyzes the viability of having green courts with dedicated environmental jurisdiction, separate from the general judicial system. In doing so, an effort has been made to take the National Green Tribunal (NGT) of India as a reference point for discussing the advantages and disadvantages of green courts. While acknowledging that both pros and… Read more »
Brazil’s national school meals program is buttressing the local food movement by mandating a system of structured demand so that a portion of the food come from family farms. Supporting the resilience of rural lifestyles and feeding 40 million students a day, this program is food for thought, and it demonstrates an important paradigm shift in how we envision food assistance programs by focusing on nutritional, rather than caloric, intake.
Arguably, the evolution of civilization has been marked by the emergence and advancement of systems of economic support designed for its members. Whether by preserving food in anticipation of harsher weather or constructing strong networks of kith and kin to rely on in times of need, the intent of safeguarding against uncertainty has been instinctive… Read more »
All the promising outcomes predicted for the TPP agreement, and the Obama Administration’s support of it, were not similarly reflected in the upcoming administration. The US President-elect, Mr. Donald Trump, asked about the fairness and the purpose of this trade agreement compared to other existing trade deals. He further referred to the partnership as a potential disaster for the USA. His election win signals the death of the TPP.
edited by Sofia Magdalena Olofsson Significance of the Infrastructure System of Los Angeles An adequate infrastructure system is necessary in order to bring vibrancy and prosperity to communities. Los Angeles, the city that has the second largest population in the United States has been struggling with notoriously congested freeways. Residents in Los Angeles have been… Read more »
Wa[te]r and Peace
The summer of 2014 took me back to my ancestral village in central Punjab, Pakistan where my team of student volunteers and I installed a solar powered water pump in response to a severe water shortage, which had been exacerbated due to nationwide electricity shortfalls. The pump provides clean drinking water daily to roughly 1000 of the town’s 1,500 residents, and it has had a dramatic impact on the village’s economic and societal well-being.
The Impacts of Ending China’s One-Child Policy
On October 29, 2015, China scrapped its one-child policy, allowing all couples to have two children for the first time since strict family planning rules were introduced more than three decades ago. Despite the optimistic responses of some demographers and citizens on Chinese state media, the shift to the new two-child policy may disappoint those… Read more »
The Case for Girls in Coding
Not too far away from the Ministry of Education in the overcrowded city of Prishtina, Kosovo, a group of eight young girls are working on developing Raporto, a platform for discreet and confidential reporting of gender discrimination in IT. Their weekends are spent in Hackershtelle, an IT community meet-up point organized and maintained by enthusiastic… Read more »
Introducing the New Senior Editors of the Cornell Policy Review
The Cornell Policy Review is pleased to announce the 2016-2017 selections for Editor in Chief, Senior Managing Editor, and Senior Content Editor. Please join us in congratulating Peter C. Fiduccia, Ana Cañedo, and Harrison Speck on their new roles, which will officially begin in May of this year. As 2015-2016 Associate Editors, their committment to the quality of the publication has… Read more »
The Opacity of National Security Letters
Transparency reports of electronic data requests are common for major communications and technology companies, but universities, which often act as small internet service providers, have yet to embrace transparency. Security activists are calling on universities to develop their own transparency reports, but it is important to understand what information these reports are not reporting.
Trade Negotiation: An Interview with Dr. Carolina Palma
Cornell Policy Review Associate Editor Ana Canedo sits down with Carolina Palma, PhD, discussing a wide array of topics ranging from her professional career as a trade negotiator for Costa Rica to her research interests as a professor for the Public Administration faculty of the University of Costa Rica.
Sustainably Developing the Vietnamese Coffee Industry
What will help develop the Vietnamese coffee market globally? Relevant development strategies must be explored, especially those that have been proven to be key contributors in other markets, including the Colombian coffee sector’s sustainable income-generation and its socioeconomic stability among small-scale coffee farmers.
Can Policy Language Reduce Unsafe Abortions?
An overwhelming number of unsafe abortions occur in developing countries. The lack of clarity in the language of Sustainable Development Goal target 3.7, regarding universal access to sexual and reproductive health services, suggests that abortion policies should be liberalized. Considering the social prominence of pro-life advocates in developing countries, this SDG target risks being ineffective.
Germany on the Rise? Language, Culture and Foreign Policy
Historically, the German language has been both a minority and majority language. From serving as a regional lingua franca within the Hapsburg Empire to evolving into the language of oppression in Europe from 1919-1945, the popularity and prevalence of the German language have fluctuated significantly. Today, German is predominantly a language of education, tourism, and… Read more »
Examining the Influence of Economic Inequality on Campaign Finance in the Pre-Citizens United Era
Abstract: The Supreme Court’s ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission has received much of the blame for the extraordinary amounts of money in American politics. While this decision certainly allowed for greater amounts of money in politics, Citizens United was the culmination of a larger causal trend, not the catalyst. From 1972 to… Read more »
Why Does Service Learning Matter?
Service-learning is an experiential approach to education that encourages students from elementary to college ages to engage actively with social issues through volunteer activities. The volunteering is accompanied by a set of educational goals laid out during the development of the educational program, and may be combined with a traditional instruction component. Students are usually… Read more »
It’s on us (or so they say): Sexual Assault Reporting at Cornell University
Within the last few years, conversations about a long surviving issue have resurfaced, managing to draw the much –needed attention of higher education institutions across the United States. A stream of alleged cases of Title IX violations, several of which have led to investigations at some of the most prestigious universities across the country, has… Read more »