NASA has been studying debris hazards to (and caused by) spacecraft for over a decade, and there is a host of international organizations involved with the dense thicket of regulations governing environmental issues in outer space. Of particular concern is debris, more colloquially known as “space junk.”
Since the Green Revolution in the 1960s to 1980s, which introduced high-yielding varieties of crops, improved fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides to agriculture in developing countries, South Asia’s appetite for inorganic fertilizer has not stopped. In 2012-3, fertilizer consumption in this area accounts for 18 percent of the world’s total usage. India alone consumed 28.1 million tons of fertilizer in 2010, making it number two in the world, after China. However, farmers in South Asia do not use the appropriate ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphate (P), and potash (K) fertilizer that would increase their yields.
In the private sector, profit maximization has historically been the most important figure to measure success, yet in recent years there has been a nascent but powerful movement that also measures environmental and social implications. This approach to business has been popularized as “corporate social responsibility” (CSR) and is becoming more structured and legitimized with third party certifiers. Meanwhile the nonprofit, or plural sector, lacks a similar framework that allows donors to better understand business ethics.
The 2000 Millennium Development Goals established by the United Nations provided a universally agreed upon set of objectives for all its member nations to follow. The first Goal that was identified was the elimination of poverty. Eradication of poverty subsequently became the focus of many initiatives by many organizations and governments around the world. To address some of the problems related to poverty, Mohamed Yunus started a financing scheme that would later develop into microfinance.
Almost 650 days have passed since Hillary Clinton announced her candidacy for the Presidency. Nearly 550 since President-elect Donald Trump did the same. More than a year and a half since this competition started, I cannot believe it is finally over and Donald Trump has been inaugurated as President. Certainly, the results were shocking for most of us: for the campaigns, for the pollsters, and for the pundits, among others.
This paper analyzes the viability of having green courts with dedicated environmental jurisdiction, separate from the general judicial system. In doing so, an effort has been made to take the National Green Tribunal (NGT) of India as a reference point for discussing the advantages and disadvantages of green courts. While acknowledging that both pros and… Read more »
Brazil’s national school meals program is buttressing the local food movement by mandating a system of structured demand so that a portion of the food come from family farms. Supporting the resilience of rural lifestyles and feeding 40 million students a day, this program is food for thought, and it demonstrates an important paradigm shift in how we envision food assistance programs by focusing on nutritional, rather than caloric, intake.
Arguably, the evolution of civilization has been marked by the emergence and advancement of systems of economic support designed for its members. Whether by preserving food in anticipation of harsher weather or constructing strong networks of kith and kin to rely on in times of need, the intent of safeguarding against uncertainty has been instinctive… Read more »
All the promising outcomes predicted for the TPP agreement, and the Obama Administration’s support of it, were not similarly reflected in the upcoming administration. The US President-elect, Mr. Donald Trump, asked about the fairness and the purpose of this trade agreement compared to other existing trade deals. He further referred to the partnership as a potential disaster for the USA. His election win signals the death of the TPP.
edited by Sofia Magdalena Olofsson Significance of the Infrastructure System of Los Angeles An adequate infrastructure system is necessary in order to bring vibrancy and prosperity to communities. Los Angeles, the city that has the second largest population in the United States has been struggling with notoriously congested freeways. Residents in Los Angeles have been… Read more »
The Necessity of Upgrading the Iraqi Financial Sector: Role of the Financial Sector in Spurring Economic Development
T. Keyzom Ngodup, Executive Director, Ideas sYnergy
“Making the World Safe for Democracy”: UN Security Council Resolution 1373, the International Imposition of Counterterrorism Policies, and the ‘Arenas of Power’ Model
Edward Grodin, Cornell University
The Need for Intervention: A Counterfactual Approach to Challenging War Theories
Santiago Delgado Calderon, Cornell University
The Irvine 11: Let’s Not Make Martyrs Out of Ruffians
Anne-Marie D. Dao, University of California, Davis School of Law
An Interview with Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus and H.I. Latifee
Sean Murphy, Cornell University
School Food, Inc.: The Contracting of America’s National School Lunch Program and its Nutritional Consequences
Robyn Ziperstein, Cornell University
Interview with Dr. R. Balasubramaniam
Nicole Majestic, Cornell University; Daniel Nolan, Cornell University; Morgann Ross, Cornell University
Education Spending and the Effect on Income Disparity: but What About Gender Equality?
Alexis M. Arthur and Kimberly J. Vallejo, Cornell University
Welcome to the Cornell Policy Review
We are engaged in the process of understanding and refining the concepts, ideas and goals that affect the public. To this end, I present The Cornell Policy Review, a place for ideas that draw policy perspectives and criticisms from the varied interests among Fellows at the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs, the broader Cornell community and other colleagues similarly engaged in this process.
In this online edition of our inaugural publication of The Review, we are pleased to present a diverse selection of entries that reflect this commitment, featuring several former, current and future CIPA Fellows. As you explore The Review, please feel free to join the debate by leaving questions and comments where appropriate.
Michael Donovan, Editor-in-Chief, 2011-2012
Agricultural Technology Adoption: Issues for Consideration When Scaling-Up
Andrei Parvan, Cornell University
Green Power in Los Angeles: Policies, Programs, and Context
Christopher Smith, Cornell University
Illogical Framework: The Importance of Monitoring and Evaluation in International Development Studies
Jessica R. Pomerantz, Cornell University